academic journal

The final product

The editorial team is happy to announce that the final version of the academic journal is published! The academic journal offers PPLE students the opportunity to share their research, ideas and opinions with the rest of the PPLE community. This year’s theme are the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Sustainable Development Goals are the UN’s primary objectives to improve living standards and achieve a more sustainable future. Start reading the edition down here!

reference list PPLE Academic Journal

The Political Economy of Occupation: Stratification and Inequality in the Golan Heights

By Naji Safadi

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Transmisogyny vs Trans Possibility: The Battle for the Ontological ‘Woman’

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Food Governance Shaped by Corporate Strategy of Multistakeholder Model and Hybridisation

By Chiara Zuber

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The post-Brexit future of the European project in the hands of the Euro

By Mark Sivolap

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Tracing Queer Pathways: The Protection of Refugees Fleeing on the Basis of their Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity under International Law

By Linn Pfitzner

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(2003) 216 CLR 473 (S395 and S396)

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Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (adopted 28 July 1951, entered into force 22 April 1954) 189 UNTS 137 (Refugee Convention)

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UNGA, ‘Report of the Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity’ (12 July 2018) 73rd Session (A/73/152)

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UNHCR ‘Guidelines on International Protection No. 9: Claims to Refugee Status based on Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity within the context of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or its 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees’ (2012)

UNHCR ‘Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status and Guidelines on International Protection’ (Geneva 2019)

UNHCR ‘Protecting persons with diverse sexual orientations and gender identities: A global report on UNHCR’s efforts to protection lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex asylum seekers and refugees’ (Geneva 2015)

EU legislation

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One Click Elections

By Mattéo Bard

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Domeyer, A., McCathy, M., Pfeiffer, S., & Scherf, G. (2020). How governments can deliver on the promise of digital ID. Mckinsey and company. Retrieved from: can-deliver-on-the-promise-of-digital-id#:~:text=Digital%20IDs%20are%20thus%20the,she%20claims%20to%20be%20online

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Jakobson, L. (2019). Swiss e-voting system hack shows value of blockchain-based election technology. Modern Consensus. Retrieved from:

Kasthala, V. (2019). Blockchain key characteristics and the conditions to use it as a solution. Start it up. Retrieved from: a-technical-solution-bd65fc2c1ad1

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Krimmer, R., Dueñas-Cid, D., Krivonosova, I., Vinkel, P., & Koitmae, A. (2018). How much does an e-Vote cost? Cost comparison per vote in multichannel elections in Estonia. In International Joint Conference on electronic voting, pp.117-131). Retrieved from: DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-00419-4_8

Khan, K., M., Arshad, J., & Khan, M., M. (2018). Secure Digital Voting System based on Blockchain Technology. International Journal of Electronic Government Research, Vol.14(1), 53-62. Retrieved from: 10.4018/IJEGR.2018010103

Liebkind, J. (2020). How Blockchain Technology Can Prevent Voter Fraud. Investopedia. Retrieved from:

Luxoft (2018). Report on Switzerland’s First Blockchain-Based Vote Reveals Citizens Want More e-voting. Retrieved from: vote-reveals-citizens-want-more-evoting/

Mearian, L. (2019). Why blockchain-based voting could threaten democracy. Computerworld. Retrieved from: threat-to-democracy.html

Miller, B. (2017). Can Blockchain Bring Voting Online? Government Technology. Retrieved from;

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